Learning to read and spell in English would be so simple if all similar-sounds were spelled the same. They aren’t. English has so many difficult spelling rules! Take for example the letter ‘a’ as in the word ‘cake.’ The long ‘a’ sound is written differently in different words, as in baby, ape, sail, play, steak, vein, eight and they.
Dyslexia is a developmental, neurobiological disorder. In other words, scientists have discovered subtle differences in the brain’s architecture between children with dyslexia and those without it. The good news is that children with dyslexia usually respond well to structured, intensive remediation, and the brain responds to intervention by following suit.
People with learning disabilities and disorders can learn strategies for coping with their disabilities. Getting help earlier increases the likelihood for success in school and later in life. If learning disabilities remain untreated, a child may begin to feel frustrated with schoolwork, which can lead to low self-esteem, depression, and other problems.
Reading disorders occur when a person has trouble with any part of the reading process. Reading and language-based learning disabilities are commonly called dyslexia. These disorders are present from a young age and usually result from specific differences in the way the brain processes language.
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