There are some clear benefits of social media, and it can be a powerful tool; however, we are still determining the impact of social apps on adolescent mental health and the developing brain. It's complicated!
The Impact of Social Media on Adolescent Mental Health:
In adolescence, there are times when the transmission of signals within the brain isn't as swift as needed for adolescents to effectively manage their emotions and impulses. The prefrontal cortex, responsible for functions such as decision-making, weighing consequences, and planning, is still undergoing development during the teenage years.
Social Media Use Among Youth:
In today's digital age, social media has become a big part of our lives. A recent Gallup poll showed that youth spend, on average, 4.8 hours/day on social media, and a report from Common Sense Media indicated that 1 in 3 kids are online between 12 AM and 5 AM.
The Unique Challenges Faced by Neurodivergent Youth:
Neurodivergent kids may be more vulnerable to the risks associated with social media use – low self-esteem, mood changes, poor sleep, and difficulties with attention. And they may need some adult support to navigate the complexities of technology use.
The Risks Associated with Social Media Use for Neurodivergent Youth:
Recently, the US Surgeon General issued a warning about the effects of excessive social media use. Below are some of the risks associated with social media use for neurodivergent youth and helpful tips on how to help youth manage it safely.
1. Mental Health Concerns: Excessive social media use has been linked to increased stress, anxiety, and depression in many young people. The pressure to conform to social norms and exposure to negative content can increase stress, anxiety, and depression.
2. Poor Sleep and Attention Issues: Spending too much time on social media can disrupt sleep patterns and make it even harder to focus on tasks. This can be particularly challenging for youth, who may already struggle with attention and sleep-related issues.
3. Increased Vulnerability: Neurodivergent kids may be more vulnerable to the negative effects of social media. Issues such as low self-esteem, mood changes, and difficulties with attention can become more pronounced.
Additional Challenges for Neurodivergent Youth:
Neurodivergent youth face additional challenges in the digital age. They are at increased risk for various difficulties, including:
1. Cyberbullying: Neurodivergent youth may struggle to recognize and respond to online harassment due to difficulties with social cues. They might be targeted for bullying, leading to emotional distress and isolation.
2. Self-Regulation: Many neurodivergent youth struggle with self-regulation, making it difficult to maintain a healthy online/offline balance. One study found that about 31 percent of social media use is caused by self-control problems.
3. Peer Pressure: The pressure to fit in and follow trends can be particularly challenging for neurodivergent youth, leading to feelings of social exclusion and anxiety.
4. Online Safety: Neurodivergent youth might have difficulty discerning safe online interactions, making them susceptible to scams and manipulation.
Tips for Managing Social Media:
1. Establish Clear Rules and Boundaries: Set limits on how much time can be spent on social media. This will help ensure that social media doesn't take over their day and night.
2. Open Communication Channels: Create a space for open communication. Encourage your child to share their online experiences and concerns with you. Let them know you're there to help and support them.
3. Technology-Free Spaces: Designate areas in your home where technology is not allowed (e.g., the dinner table). This will help your child take breaks from screens and engage in other activities.
4. Encourage Balance: Emphasize the importance of a balanced lifestyle. Make sure your child has time for homework, hobbies, physical activities, and in-person social interactions.
5. Monitor Social Media Use: Keep an eye on your child's social media activity. Understand the platforms they're using and who they're connecting with. Monitoring can help ensure their safety.
6. Focus on Benefits: Remember that social media isn't all bad. It can be a powerful tool for learning, staying connected, and expressing creativity. Encourage your child to use it in positive and constructive ways.
Parents, educators, and caregivers need to be aware of these risks and offer support to neurodivergent youth. We can help children and teens navigate the digital world and make the most of its benefits while protecting their mental health and overall well-being. By recognizing the unique challenges students who think and learn differently face, we can create a safer and more supportive online environment for young people.
ChildNEXUS Team Member